Multidimensional formats, including NetCDF, GRIB, and HDF, are often used in the scientific community to store meteorological and oceanographic data such as temperature, humidity, wind speed, and direction. Data is normally stored as variables, where each variable is a multidimensional array that represents data captured at multiple times, and at multiple heights or pressures. The multidimensional mosaic dataset can be used to manage and process multidimensional data. See Creating a mosaic dataset using the Vector Field template to create a multidimensional mosaic dataset.
ArcGIS currently supports three multidimensional raster types—GRIB, HDF, and NetCDF—which correspond to multidimensional raster data stored in those formats.
- GRIB—General Regularly-distributed Information in Binary is a concise data format commonly used in meteorology to store historical and forecast weather data. The GRIB raster type allows you to add GRIB 1 and GRIB 2 data into a mosaic dataset. For a sample workflow, see Creating a mosaic dataset using the Vector Field template.
- HDF—Hierarchical Data Format is a format designed by the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) to store scientific data. The HDF raster type allows you to add raster data stored in HDF5 or HDF4 into a mosaic dataset. Nonraster data stored in an HDF file is ignored by the HDF raster type.
- NetCDF—NetCDF (Network Common Data Form) is a file format for storing multidimensional data. See Fundamentals of netCDF data storage for more information. Currently, netCDF raster types support Climate and Forecast (CF)and Cooperative Ocean/Atmosphere Research Data Service (COARDS) conventions. NetCDF files created using other conventions may work but are not supported. For a sample workflow, see Creating and visualizing a netCDF mosaic dataset.
Some netCDF and HDF data store their geolocation as irregularly spaced arrays. When adding to a mosaic dataset, the data will be automatically converted to square pixels for display purposes only. The cell size is estimated, but you can change this in addition to setting an interpolation method. Supported interpolation methods include the following:
- Nearest Neighbor
- Linear Tinning
- Natural Neighbor
When you define a raster type, specify a processing template:
- Default—The raster data will be added to the mosaic dataset without any change in pixel value.
- Multiband Composite—Add any number of available raster data variables to your mosaic dataset.
- Vector Field—Add raster data representing flow direction and magnitude. The mosaic dataset created with this template is easily visualized using Vector Field Renderer.
- Custom—Your custom template.
Specify variables to add to the mosaic dataset.
You can save a raster type with the variable defined as a raster type template by clicking the Save As button on the General tab so you can reuse it within your organization.
Raster types supported by ArcGIS are listed in the Raster Type drop-down list on the Add Rasters To Mosaic Dataset tool dialog box. If your organization has created its own raster type, or if you have modified the properties for a raster type and saved it, you may have to browse to the *.art file to choose it.
Mosaic datasets can manage one or multiple variables. Whether you should put all variables in one mosaic dataset or create one mosaic dataset per variable depends on the application.
- If your application only uses one variable, or a few independent variables, one mosaic per variable is easy to create, use, and manage.
- If your application involves computing from multiple variables using a raster function template, you need to add all the variables used by the template in one mosaic.
- If you want to serve scientific data and minimize the number of services, you can add multiple variables to a mosaic and use the variable selector template to access each variable.
Here is an example of computing new data from multiple variables. First, add three variables—temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed—into a mosaic dataset. From these variables, you can construct a raster function template to compute wind chill index and heat index, and add the templates to the mosaic dataset. With the additional three default variable selector templates, you will be able to visualize temperature, wind speed, humidity, wind chill, and a heat index.
You can use the Groupname field when querying variables at a specific depth and location. The Groupname field defines the groups for items in a mosaic dataset. Items with the same Groupname value belong to one group. A raster function template of item group type will compute from the variables in each group and generate a raster for each group.
Sometimes one item will participate in the computations of all groups. In this case, instead of duplicating this item to each group, set the Groupname for that item as "*" and with valid values for the Tag and Variable fields.
For a sample workflow on how to create a mosaic dataset using the Vector Field template, see Creating a mosaic dataset using the Vector Field template.
To learn how to add custom templates to a mosaic dataset, see Adding a processing template to a mosaic dataset.