Overview of developing a server object extension (ArcObjects .NET 10.6 SDK)
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Overview of developing a server object extension


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About server object extensions

A server object extension (SOE) is a Component Object Model (COM) object developed in .NET or Java that implements IServerObjectExtension and any additional interfaces necessary for its implementation.
The service instance (referred to at this level of the developer documentation as the "server object") cocreates the SOE and calls the Init method, handing the SOE a reference to the server object via the server object helper argument. The SOE can then make method calls on the server object.

Interfaces for use with all SOEs (IServerObjectExtension and IObjectConstruct)

The required IServerObjectExtension interface includes the following methods. This interface is used by the server object to manage the SOE's life span:
  • Init—Called once when the server object starts.
  • Shutdown—Informs the SOE that the server object is shutting down. In response, the SOE releases its reference on the server object helper.
If your SOE includes configuration properties or requires initialization logic, implement the optional interface IObjectConstruct. This interface includes a single method, Construct, which is called after IServerObjectExtension.Init(). Construct returns the configuration properties for the SOE as a property set.
Do not put initialization logic in the SOE class’s constructor or in Init(). Instead, put it in IObjectConstruct.Construct(), which is called later in the SOE life cycle. This ensures you have a fully created SOE that can log any errors with your initialization logic.

SOE Web service interfaces (IRESTRequestHandler and IRequestHandler2)

Since SOEs are Web services, they use a request handler interface to do their work and the ESRI.ArcGIS.SOESupport.ServerLogger object to do the logging.
  • Representational State Transfer (REST)—Based SOE Web services implement the IRESTRequestHandler interface.
  • Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)—Based SOE Web services implement the IRequestHandler2 interface.
It's possible to create an SOE that implements IRESTRequestHandler and IRequestHandler2 to support REST and SOAP.
When using the SOE, a client sends an Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) request to the Web service, which then returns a response. The request handler interfaces facilitate this communication.
Optional interface IObjectActivate
The IObjectActivate interface is optional (that is, its implementation is not required unless your SOE requires special logic to execute before and after servicing a request). It includes the following methods:
  • activate()—Called each time a client makes a request to the SOE, via SOAP or REST.
  • deactivate()—Called each time a client releases the service after using it.
Any logic you implement in these methods should not be expensive.

Developing SOEs as Web services

When you develop an SOE, you are developing a Web service that takes in requests and sends back information as responses. SOEs are exposed by ArcGIS Server as Web services in the same way other native services (for example, map or geocode services) are exposed. 
SOEs run efficiently inside the geographic information system (GIS) server to make fine- grained calls to ArcObjects to implement the necessary geospatial functionality. SOEs can leverage the management and security framework of ArcGIS Server, for example, access to SOE Web services can be secured using the ArcGIS Server token service model.
You can develop SOEs using .NET or Java. An SOE can support REST, SOAP, or both. The remainder of this topic describes building REST and SOAP Web services using .NET. 

REST and SOAP SOE templates

ArcGIS provides REST and SOAP SOE templates that are integrated with Visual Studio. These templates give you the necessary code to start building an SOE. You'll typically begin with the template, then modify the existing code to add logic required by the SOE. 
The REST SOE template application is comprised of a class that implements all necessary interfaces for a REST SOE, including IServerObjectExtension, IObjectConstruct, and IRESTRequestHandler. For more information on the REST SOE class implementation, see Developing REST server object extensions.
The SOAP SOE template application is comprised of a class that implements all the necessary interfaces for a SOAP SOE, including IRequestHandler2, IServerObjectExtension, and IObjectConstruct. The other component in the structure is a template Web Service Description Language (WSDL) file that you can use to integrate Esri SOAP types into your SOAP implementation. For more information on the SOAP SOE class implementation, see Developing SOAP server object extensions.

Basic implementation of an SOE Web service 

ArcGIS Server services represent "server objects" hosted in a GIS server container process. The server object contains pre-packaged functionality associated with its purpose; therefore, map server objects host map data, generate map images, and handle queries; whereas, geocode server objects host a locator that assigns locations to addresses, and so on.  
SOEs extend this functionality by using components that exist in the server object in a customized workflow. Access to this workflow is managed by one or more public methods in an SOE. 
Clients discover how to work with an SOE defined in a standard contract, such as a WSDL for SOAP services and JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) for REST services. Clients send Web requests over Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) to an ArcGIS Server Web service instance. This instance contains a SOAP and REST handler to direct the request to an SOE hosted in a server object on the GIS server. The SOE deserializes the request, executes the business logic (usually accessing the server object), and serializes the response. The response is sent back to the client via the same HTTP channel and deserialized.
ArcGIS for Server is built on the ArcObjects COM architecture. A .NET SOE class must be visible and accessible via COM to be used by ArcGIS Server. This is accomplished using the ComVisible and globally unique identifier (GUID) attributes. The ClassInterfaceType.None attribute tells type library generation tools that a default class interface does not need to be generated. The SOE template also shows how you should use other attributes to define the capabilities, properties, description, and supported Web service architectures (SOAP and REST) for your SOE.
The following code example shows a class declaration for a simple SOE class: 
[C#]
[ComVisible(true)][Guid("b210df6d-83af-4e02-bf34-db72387a8257")][ClassInterface
    (ClassInterfaceType.None)][ServerObjectExtension("MapServer", AllCapabilities=
    "", DefaultCapabilities="", Description="A simple REST SOE", DisplayName=
    "RestSOE", Properties="", SupportsREST=true, SupportsSOAP=false)]
public class RestSOE: IServerObjectExtension, IObjectConstruct, IRESTRequestHandler
{

    . . . 

}
[VB.NET]
<ComVisible(True), Guid("2ea26d5b-d1de-4d9e-a1ca-25e3a3cd3d4e"), ClassInterface(ClassInterfaceType.None)> _
            <ServerObjectExtension("MapServer", AllCapabilities
   ="", DefaultCapabilities
   ="", _
      Description
   ="A simple REST SOE", DisplayName
   ="RestSOE", _
      Properties
   ="", SupportsREST
   =True, SupportsSOAP
   =False)>

    Public Class RestSOE
        
        . . .
        
    End Class

SOE capabilities

SOE methods can be grouped into capabilities. Each capability can be authorized on a per-configuration basis. Each call to an SOE includes the configuration capabilities and the method (operation) being called. Implementation of the SOE should check the capabilities to determine if a method can be executed. For example, assume an SOE has methods M1, M2, M3, and Capabilities C1 (which includes M1, M2) and C2 (including M1, M2, M3). When the SOE is enabled on a server object, the configuration only enables access to C1 capabilities. As a result, a call to M3 on the SOE should fail. 
Grouping methods into capabilities is optional.

ESRI.ArcGIS.SOESupport library

ArcGIS for Server includes a native .NET library—ESRI.ArcGIS.SOESupport—to assist ArcGIS Server developers in defining and processing SOAP and REST content in an SOE. The library includes boiler-plate code for serialization and deserialization of messages, dispatching of business methods, error handling, and logging. In general, the template code starts with an implementation class—SoeRestImpl for REST and SoeSoapImpl for SOAP—to organize and define SOE functionality, and delegates calls to methods in the SOE. Use of the library is discussed in the respective SOAP and REST sections. 

Writing log messages

You can write messages to the ArcGIS Server logs within your SOE by using the SOESupport.ServerLogger class. In the constructor of your SOE, you can create the logger. See the following code example:
[C#]
logger=new ServerLogger();
[VB.NET]
logger=New ServerLogger()
You can then insert log messages of varying levels within the SOE. In the following code example, 8000 is a log code assigned by the developer to custom messages written by the SOE:
[C#]
logger.LogMessage(ServerLogger.msgType.infoStandard, "Shutdown", 8000, 
    "Custom message: Shutting down the SOE");
[VB.NET]
logger.LogMessage(ServerLogger.msgType.infoStandard, "Shutdown", 8000, "Custom message: Shutting down the SOE")
The messages' levels available for ServerLogger.msgType correspond to the ArcGIS Server log message levels in the following manner:
ServerLogger.msgType
ArcGIS Server log level
error
Severe
warning
Warning
infoSimple
Info
infoStandard
Fine
infoDetailed
Verbose
debug
Debug

Supporting REST and SOAP

If you want to expose your SOE functionality through SOAP and REST, you have the following choices:
  • Use the SOAP and REST templates to create separate SOEs. Although this approach is more straightforward, it requires you to give different names to the SOEs.
  • Implement IRequestHandler2 and IRESTRequestHandler in the same SOE. One way to do this is to start with the SOAP template and copy in the IRESTRequestHandler implementation from the REST template. To minimize code duplication, separate your business logic into its own classes and call into those from your REST and SOAP handler functions.

Threading

SOEs should typically create and access ArcObjects on the primary thread of the SOE. Third-party libraries that don't interact with ArcObjects can be used on other threads. ArcObjects can be used in newly-spawned threads only if they are created and disposed of in the same thread.