Available with Data Interoperability license.
A data format defines how digital information is encoded and stored in a file or other data source.
A data source is an instance of a dataset stored in a specific format.
A data transformation is the process of reorganizing or restructuring data from the source format into destination data.
A data translator converts data from one format to another format. For example, a data translator can convert MapInfo TAB data to an Esri shapefile.
Direct read is the ability to recognize a nonnative format on the fly within ArcGIS without having to use a conversion tool.
Extract, transform, and load
Extract, transform, and load (ETL) refers to the three separate functions that are combined into a single tool and executed as a series, in the following order:
Spatial ETL is a category of tools used for manipulating spatial data that incorporate the data processing methodologies of traditional extract, transform, and load software.
A transformer is an FME Workbench object that performs a particular restructuring of features or schema. It is a visual object that you add to your workspace canvas and connect between the source and destination features, or to other transformers.