Available with Spatial Analyst license.

## Summary

Calculates the inverse cosine of cells in a raster.

## Illustration

## Usage

In mathematics, all Trigonometric functions have a defined range of valid input values, called the domain. The output values from each function also has a defined range. For this tool

The Domain is : -1 ≤ [in_value] ≤ 1

Note that any input value that is outside this domain will receive NoData on the output raster.

The Range is : 0 ≤ [out_value] ≤ pi

The input values to this tool are interpreted as unitless.

Output values are always floating point, regardless of the input data type.

The output values from this tool are in radians. If degrees are desired, the resulting raster must be multiplied by the radians-to-degrees conversion factor of 180/pi, or approximately 57.296.

For further assistance, a procedure to follow and some examples of converting output in radians to degrees are available.

See Analysis environments and Spatial Analyst for additional details on the geoprocessing environments that apply to this tool.

## Syntax

ACos (in_raster_or_constant)

Parameter | Explanation | Data Type |

in_raster_or_constant | The input for which to calculate the inverse cosine values. In order to use a number as an input for this parameter, the cell size and extent must first be set in the environment. | Raster Layer | Constant |

### Return Value

Name | Explanation | Data Type |

out_raster |
The output raster. The values are the inverse cosine of the input values. | Raster |

## Code Sample

##### ACos example 1 (Python window)

This example calculates the inverse cosine of the values in the input Grid raster and outputs a TIFF raster.

```
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
outACos = ACos("degs")
outACos.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outacos.tif")
```

##### ACos example 2 (stand-alone script)

This example calculates the inverse cosine of the values in the input Grid raster.

```
# Name: ACos_Ex_02.py
# Description: Calculates the inverse cosine of cells in a raster
# Requirements: Spatial Analyst Extension
# Import system modules
import arcpy
from arcpy import env
from arcpy.sa import *
# Set environment settings
env.workspace = "C:/sapyexamples/data"
# Set local variables
inRaster = "degs"
# Check out the ArcGIS Spatial Analyst extension license
arcpy.CheckOutExtension("Spatial")
# Execute ACos
outACos = ACos(inRaster)
# Save the output
outACos.save("C:/sapyexamples/output/outacos")
```

## Environments

## Licensing Information

- ArcGIS for Desktop Basic: Requires Spatial Analyst
- ArcGIS for Desktop Standard: Requires Spatial Analyst
- ArcGIS for Desktop Advanced: Requires Spatial Analyst