How to find the address closest to a point using reverse geocoding

While geocoding is used to find the point that corresponds to an address, reverse geocoding takes a point and finds the closest address.

Finding the address closest to a point using reverse geocoding

When given a location on a map, if you want to find the address closest to that point, use reverse geocoding. The IReverseGeocoding and IReverseGeocodingProperties interfaces provide access to members for finding the address closest to a point.
To define the maximum search tolerance in the units specified by the SearchDistanceUnits property, use the SearchDistance property when looking for an address represented by a point.
The ReverseGeocode method returns a PropertySet that represents the address closest to the point passed as the location parameter. 
The point object passed to the location parameter must be projected into the spatial reference used by the locator before it is passed to the ReverseGeocode parameter.
Use the bReturnIntersection parameter to indicate whether the ReverseGeocode method should return an intersection address. The names of the properties contained in the PropertySet correspond to the names of the Field objects in the Fields collection returned by the AddressFields property on the IAddressInputs interface on the locator. See the following code example:
// Open an ArcGIS Server connection.
IPropertySet pConnectionProperties = new PropertySet();
pConnectionProperties.setProperty("machine", "mendota");
IAGSServerConnectionFactory pAGSServerConnectionFactory = new
IAGSServerConnection pAGSServerConnection =
    (pConnectionProperties, 0);

// Get a locator from the ArcGIS Server locator workspace.
ILocatorManager2 pLocatorManager = new LocatorManager();
ILocatorWorkspace pLocatorWorkspace = pLocatorManager.getAGSLocatorWorkspace(new
IReverseGeocoding pReverseGeocoding = new IReverseGeocodingProxy
    (pLocatorWorkspace.getLocator("USA Streets"));

// Create a point to find the address.
IAddressGeocoding pAddressGeocoding = new IAddressGeocodingProxy(pReverseGeocoding);
IFields pMatchFields = pAddressGeocoding.getMatchFields();
IField pShapeField = pMatchFields.getField(pMatchFields.findField("Shape"));
IPoint pPoint = new Point();
pPoint.setX( - 117.2);

// Set the search tolerance for reverse geocoding.
IReverseGeocodingProperties pReverseGeocodingProperties = new

// Find the address nearest the point.
IPropertySet pAddressProperties = pReverseGeocoding.reverseGeocode(pPoint, false);

// Print the address properties.
IAddressInputs pAddressInputs = new IAddressInputsProxy(pReverseGeocoding);
IFields pAddressFields = pAddressInputs.getAddressFields();
for (int lngAddressFieldIndex = 0; lngAddressFieldIndex <
    pAddressFields.getFieldCount(); lngAddressFieldIndex++){
    IField pAddressField = pAddressFields.getField(lngAddressFieldIndex);
    System.out.println(pAddressField.getAliasName() + ": " +

See Also:

Location library overview

Development licensingDeployment licensing
Engine Developer KitEngine
ArcGIS for Desktop BasicArcGIS for Desktop Basic
ArcGIS for Desktop StandardArcGIS for Desktop Standard
ArcGIS for Desktop AdvancedArcGIS for Desktop Advanced