In this topic
- About address locators
About address locators
Locator objects create geometry for nonspatial descriptions of locations. An address locator is a particular type of locator that creates geometry for text descriptions representing addresses. This process is commonly called geocoding.
Address locator types
Address locators can be stored on disk or in a file, personal, or ArcSDE geodatabase. Address locators can also be used to create GeocodeServer objects that are served using ArcGIS Server. The following are the two main types of ESRIAddressLocator objects:
- ESRIGen2AddressLocator objects—Use the ESRI geocoding engine introduced in ArcGIS 10.0. This address locator supports single line input for geocoding and is created using ArcGIS 10.0 address locator styles.
- AGSAddressLocator objects—Are locators that represent GeocodeServer objects retrieved from ArcGIS Server.
Address locator stylesThere are a number of different address locator styles. Choosing the right one requires knowing what type of reference data you have and in what format your addresses will be. For example, you can use the US Address - Dual Ranges address locator style for street centerline data containing left and right address ranges, directionals, street names, street types, and left and right Zones (city, state, and/or ZIP Code). If you want to geocode U.S. ZIP Code data, you can use the ZIP 5-Digit address locator style for creating a ZIP Code address locator based on a ZIP Code point reference feature class.
Additional information stored by address locators
An address locator also contains information on how an address is standardized, searching methods for possible matches, and what output information of a match is returned. You can redistribute address locators by copying and pasting the address locators onto a different workspace or network.
What address locators do
Address locators find candidates for addresses by geocoding tables of addresses and finding single addresses.
See Also:Location library overview
How to geocode a table of addresses
How to geocode a single address
|Development licensing||Deployment licensing|
|Engine Developer Kit||Engine|
|ArcGIS for Desktop Basic||ArcGIS for Desktop Basic|
|ArcGIS for Desktop Standard||ArcGIS for Desktop Standard|
|ArcGIS for Desktop Advanced||ArcGIS for Desktop Advanced|