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IPolycurveGeodetic Interface (ArcObjects .NET 10.8 SDK)
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IPolycurveGeodetic Interface

Provides various geodetic operations on curves.

Product Availability

Available with ArcGIS Engine, ArcGIS Desktop, and ArcGIS Server.


IPolycurveGeodetic densifies features by connecting existing vertices with geodetic curves. A geodetic curve is a 1-dimensional curve defined on the surface of a spheroid (ellipsoid). Four types of geodetic curves are supported for polylines; one type is supported for circles and ellipses. A geodesic curve defines the shortest distance between two points. A loxodrome is a line of equal azimuth (from a pole). The Mercator projection shows loxodromes as straight lines. A great elliptic curve is defined by the intersection of a plane that contains the center of the spheroid and the spheroid surface and passes through two points. A normal section can be thought of as a simplified geodesic. It is defined by the intersection of a plane that passes through two points on the surface of the spheroid and is perpendicular to the surface ('normal') at the first point. The geodetic curve types are:

enum esriGeodeticType
  esriGeodeticTypeGeodesic       = 0,
  esriGeodeticTypeLoxodrome      = 1,
  esriGeodeticTypeGreatElliptic  = 2,
  esriGeodeticTypeNormalSection  = 3

The vertex attributes are preserved on input vertices and created vertices have attributes interpolated for them, based on length along the true geodetic curve. For the circle and ellipse constructors, the input center point can have a z value, which will be assigned to all vertices on the boundary of the figure.

All methods accept a parameter which describes the linear units of input lengths and distances or output lengths. If the unit parameter is not specified, meters are assumed. Angular parameters are specified in the angular units of the GCS associated with the polycurve being constructed. Typically these will be degrees, but a GCS that uses a different angular unit is possible. You also can specify how the polycurve should be densified when it is constructed.

enum esriCurveDensifyMethod
    helpstring("Densify parameter is curve length increment. Output line segments will be 
    no longer than this. This method cannot be used when constructing geodesic circles or 
    helpstring("Densify parameter is angle increment. Line segments will become shorter as 
    the curvature increases. For geodesic ellipses, the angle is with respect to the reference circle.")
    helpstring("Densify parameter is deviation from true curve. Line segments of varying length 
    will be generated. The curve parameter specifies the maximum allowable distance between 
    a line segment and the portion of the curve that it is approximating.")

The recommended method is esriCurvedensifyByDeviation because it lets you control the absolute ground error of the densified approximation in the most direct way. It will also generate the fewest number of dense vertices subject to that constraint.


Name Description
Method DensifyGeodetic Constructs different types of geodetic curves. The 'by length' and 'by deviation' densification methods are supported.
Method GeodesicDensify Densifies and reshapes existing segments so that the output segments follow the shortest ground path connecting input vertices. maxSegmentLength is in the units of the axis of the underlying spheroid of this polyline's gcs (usually meters).
Read-only property LengthGeodetic Returns length of this polycurve calculated using various types of geodetic methods.

Inherited Interfaces

Interfaces Description
IPolycurve4 Provides geodesic operations on curves.

Classes that implement IPolycurveGeodetic

Classes Description
Polygon A collection of rings ordered by their containment relationship; optionally has measure, height and ID attributes.
Polyline An ordered collection of paths; optionally has measure, height and ID attributes.