The GDB_Items table contains a geometry column that maintains the extents of feature classes stored in the geodatabase. Because the column's data type is a spatial type that can be queried using SQL, you can use SQL to perform spatial queries on the table and discover which feature classes intersect a search area.
The geometries stored for the extent of each feature class have a spatial reference of WGS 84, regardless of what spatial reference the feature class has. Therefore, any query geometry should also be constructed with a WGS 84 spatial reference.
The following example shows how to find the names of feature classes that fall into a search area. Note that while this example uses a polygon and the intersects operator, other geometry types and relational operators can also be used.
--Queries a dbo-schema geodatabase in SQL Server -- Defines the extents of the search area. -- VARCHARs are used rather than FLOATs to reduce casting. DECLARE @MAX_X VARCHAR(3); DECLARE @MIN_X VARCHAR(3); DECLARE @MAX_Y VARCHAR(2); DECLARE @MIN_Y VARCHAR(2); SET @MAX_X = '-85'; SET @MIN_X = '-86'; SET @MAX_Y = '33'; SET @MIN_Y = '32'; -- Create a polygon for the search area. -- 4326 is the spatial reference ID for WGS84 in the SQL Server system table. DECLARE @WKT_CONST nvarchar(max); DECLARE @SEARCH_AREA GEOMETRY; SET @WKT_CONST = 'POLYGON ((' + @MIN_X + ' ' + @MIN_Y + ', ' + @MAX_X + ' ' + @MIN_Y + ', ' + @MAX_X + ' ' + @MAX_Y + ', ' + @MIN_X + ' ' + @MAX_Y + ', ' + @MIN_X + ' ' + @MIN_Y + '))'; SET @SEARCH_AREA =GEOMETRY::STPolyFromText(@WKT_CONST, 4326); -- Find the classes that intersect the extent. SELECT Name FROM dbo.GDB_ITEMS WHERE Shape.STIntersects(@SEARCH_area) = 1