Available with 3D Analyst license.
The ArcGIS 3D Analyst extension and ArcMap give you a variety of ways to symbolize and display rasters and surfaces. Because of the differences between rasters, TINs, and terrains, each of them have different symbology options to be displayed inside ArcGlobe .
Here is a quick summary of the supported and not supported display differences between the surface types:
- Continuous rasters, also known as surface data, can be stretched to improve contrast. Categorical rasters, or discontinuous data, such as a lake because of its definable boundary with the surrounding landscape, can be symbolized using their unique values. Multiband rasters, such as satellite images and some aerial photographs, can be displayed as a red, green, and blue (RGB) composite or as a single stretched image. Feature data can be dynamically displayed as a raster. You can render cells with no data and background cells in different ways.
- TINs cannot be displayed as visual layers in ArcGlobe. However, ArcScene and ArcMap allow you to symbolize TIN surfaces using the elevation values or the aspect or slope of each TIN facet. You can also show the nodes and edges of the TIN in several different ways.
- Terrains can only be dynamically displayed in ArcMap and ArcGlobe.
- LAS datasets can only be displayed in ArcMap and ArcScene.
- You can add a mosaic dataset to ArcGlobe however it will only appear as a single layer - a raster layer. You cannot add a mosaic dataset to ArcScene.
- All displayed raster and surface layers must have their base heights defined within the 3D view. Surface layers can reference themselves or other surface data to get this information. Discontinuous raster data must refer to separate elevation data or use a constant value or expression to define its z-values. In ArcGlobe, the globe's surface is described by the layers in the Elevation category.
Examples of continuous data include the following:
- Elevation data
- Temperature data
- Fire risk data
Examples of discontinuous data include the following:
- Thematic land-use data
- Rasterized feature data
- Remotely sensed image data
- Scanned maps
You can make all surfaces transparent and add depth and realism to a surface by shading it based on its position relative to a light source. You can manipulate the appearance of the surface by setting the base resolution and z-unit conversion factor.
Displaying raster surfaces in 3D
Layer properties help to define how your raster surface will display in 3D. Access the Layer Properties dialog box by right-clicking the layer in the table of contents and clicking Properties.
Raster data can be either continuous or discontinuous. Continuous raster data represents a surface. This surface may be a traditional elevation surface, or it may represent an analysis surface, such as the relative fire risk for a region. Discontinuous raster data, on the other hand, represents discrete blocks of information, such as an aerial photograph.
All supported raster data formats can be displayed in ArcGlobe as floating or draped layers. Only a continuous, single-band raster can be used as an elevation source for itself or other layers. It will be specifically categorized as an Elevation Layer on the Type tab in the table of contents.
When displaying rasters in 3D, you need to set the base heights for a layer by defining its 3D layer properties. In ArcGlobe, to display a raster surface with 3D elevation, the z-values will come from a provided surface. Floating layers require layer properties that directly specify their elevation source, which may be a constant value, a separate 3D surface data source, or themselves. Draped layers in ArcGlobe will automatically use any elevation layers that have been added into the 3D view.
There are three symbology layer options by which to symbolize rasters:
- Grouping their values into a number of classes
- Stretching the values to enhance contrast
- Assigning each unique value in the raster to a color
How you display a raster depends on the type of data that it contains and what you want to show. Some rasters have a predefined color scheme; for others, ArcGlobe will choose an appropriate display method that you can adjust as needed. You can change display colors, group data values into classes, or stretch values to increase visual contrast.
For multiband rasters, you can choose three bands to display together in an RGB composite. This drawing method often improves your ability to distinguish features in multispectral images.
Displaying terrain surfaces in 3D
A terrain dataset is a derived data source, calculated based on participating point, line, and polygon feature classes.
Terrain datasets are displayed similarly to TINs, where the symbology is made up of triangular facets and the nodes and edges that make up the triangles. The representation may also contain breaklines—lines that follow sets of edges that play important roles in defining the shape of the surface. Examples of breaklines are ridgelines, roads, or streams.
A terrain is used to describe a surface and does not necessarily have to be displayed in the 3D view. You can simply drape other data over it, such as an aerial photograph, to see the topography. However, you have the option to display the terrain as a layer in ArcGlobe or ArcMap. This may be required if you do not have other data to drape over the full extent of the terrain.
You can display just one type of terrain feature—for example, just the triangles—or all the terrain features. You can also symbolize each feature type using separate symbology. As terrains represent a calculated surface from other feature classes, you can also add in the raw source data as separate layers.
For steps on displaying terrain surfaces by symbolizing different features, see the following topics:
Displaying TIN surfaces in 3D
TINs are made up of triangular facets and the nodes and edges that make up the triangles. They may also contain breaklines—lines that follow sets of edges that play important roles in defining the shape of the surface. Examples of breaklines are ridgelines, roads, or streams.
A TIN is used to describe a surface and does not necessarily have to be displayed in the 3D view. You can simply drape other data over it, such as an aerial photograph, to see the topography. However, you have the option to display the TIN as a layer in ArcMap or ArcScene if you want to. This may be required if you do not have other data to drape over the full extent of the TIN.
You can display just one type of TIN feature—for example, just the triangles—or all the TIN features. You can also symbolize each feature type using separate symbology. TIN nodes and triangles can be tagged with integer values to allow you to store additional information about them. These integer values can be used as lookup codes—for example, to indicate the accuracy of the input feature data source or the land-use type code for areas on the surface. The codes can be derived from fields in the input feature classes. You can symbolize tagged features with unique values.
TIN layers cannot be displayed directly in ArcGlobe, although they can be used as elevation layers to help describe the surface of the globe. If you need to display a symbolized TIN as a layer in ArcGlobe, you have to convert the TIN to a raster.
Displaying LAS dataset surfaces in 3D
A LAS dataset stores reference to one or more LAS files on disk, as well as to additional surface features. The LAS dataset can be displayed as either a surface or as points. However only ArcScene supports the display of LAS datasets in a 3D renderer. The surface-based layer type is also similar to TIN or terrain dataset layers in that it supports multiple display renderers. You can view the triangles colored by elevation range, slope, aspect, and contours.
For steps on displaying LAS dataset surfaces in ArcScene, refer to the following topics:
Displaying mosaic datasets in ArcGlobe
A mosaic dataset can be added to both ArcMap and ArcGlobe. You cannot add a mosaic dataset to ArcScene.
When you add a mosaic dataset to ArcMap, it is added as a mosaic layer that appears in the table of contents as a special group layer with a minimum of three layers: Boundary, Footprint, and Image. Each of these layers has their own layer properties and context menu option that are specific to how you interact with the mosaic dataset. When you add a mosaic dataset to ArcGlobe, it appears in the table of contents as only one layer—a raster layer. Use the Layer Properties to access mosaic methods. These different methods define how the mosaicked image is created from these input rasters.